► LegislationFIA By - Laws

By - Laws

The membership of the Institute, except for those areas which are set out in section 8 of the Act, generally empowers the members whom it elects to the Council to Act on behalf of the membership (section 13 of the Act) and the Council is also granted specific powers under section 14 of the Act. 
One of the powers granted to the Council is to make By-Laws, but it is important to note that such By-Laws must not cover areas that are reserved to the Institute under section 8, nor may any such By-Laws conflict with provisions of the Rules or Act. 
The By-Laws currently prescribed by the Council are set out chronologically below:

Standards By – Laws 
These early By- Laws, made in 1986, supersede similar ones made 10 years earlier, and give force to the Institute’s obligation to encourage compliance by its members with the international standards set by IFAC and the IASB and make the failure to observe such standards a disciplinable offence. 

Continuing Professional Education By – Laws
These By-Laws, introduced for the first time in January 2000, make it a requirement for members to undertake continuing professional education. The minimum number of CPE hours which members are currently required to complete is 30 hours of “ structured” and 10 hours of  “ unstructured” education annually or 90 structured and 30 unstructured over a three year period. 

Code of Ethics
The previous Fiji Code of Ethics was introduced in July 2000 and replaced the earlier Fiji Ethical Rulings. It was based on an earlier version of the IFAC Code of ethics and has now been replaced by the current IFAC Code, supplemented by provisions included in the previous Fiji Code but which are not included in the IFAC Code - listed as the Supplementary Code of Ethics.

Fees and Subscriptions By- Laws 
The admission and annual membership subscription rates, which were previously set out as an Appendix to the Rules, are, under Rule 7 (1) “as prescribed by the Council from time to time and approved by the Institute at an Annual General Meeting". The current rates are set out in the Fee Structure section of the Members section of the website. 

Fiji Accounting Standards
The Fiji Institute of Accountants, which is a member body of the worldwide International Federation of Accountants, that is dedicated to achieving international Reporting Standards (now commonly referred to as " IFRSs") has adopted the IFRS standards for all accounting periods beginning from 1st january 2007 the IFRS for SME Standard was adopted and made effective for accounting periods beginning from 1st January 2011.

This will mean that the accounts for many organisations in Fiji need to be drawn up in accordance with the IFRS standards, which are, in many cases, different from the Fiji Accounting Standards used in the past.

The Fiji Accounting  Standards continued to be used by entitites that were not required to comply with the International Standards for accounting periods prior to 1st January 2011 but have now effectively been superseded

The full IFRS standards will be applicable for all undertakings that fall within any of the following categories:

Public companies, as defined in the Companies Act;
Government majority owned companies
Banking and financial institutions;
Superannuation, insurance and insurance broking entities
Government Entities established under their own statute with annual turnover of at least $5m

"Entities who consistently over a period of two years comply with two out of the three following criteria:
  • have recorded consolidated revenue for each of the financial years of more than $20 million
  • have recorded total assets as at the end of each of the financial years exceeding $20 million
  • have more than 50 employees of the parent and controlled entity at the end of each financial year"
Entities that are publicly accountable with annual turnover of at least $5m (which have debt or equity instruments on public issue or have coercive power to tax, rate or levy to obtain public funds) ; and
Undertakings where any of the above listed entities have significant influence (through more than 20% ownership), provided turnover of such entities exceeds $5m, as equity accounting would be applicable for the parent company reporting. 

Fiji Standards on Auditing 
A complete set of 37 Standards and Auditing Guidance Statements was brought into force for the audit of financial statements covering periods beginning in or after 1st January 2002. They were predominantly based upon the International Standards on Auditing issued by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) at that time. They have been replaced by the current set of audit related standards issued by IFAC with effect from 1st July 2008.